Variegated conifers: 10 most unusual forms for a unique flower garden

4 min read

Coniferous plants are not always green needles. Among the many garden forms, you can pick up original plants with variegated colors that will transform a small flower garden and bring a fresh note to the composition of the site.

In the decorative design of the garden, it is difficult to do without conifers. In temperate latitudes, where summer is fleeting, and shrubs with bright flowers or spectacular leaves wither so quickly, it is conifers that maintain stability and harmony in the garden.

The modern variety of coniferous forms is very large, and our nurseries have a sufficient selection. In addition to traditional breeds with green, blue, golden needles, you can choose original forms with two-color needles.

Such plants look bright, unusual, they should be planted singly or in small groups so as not to create excessive variegation. An excellent background for conifers with multi-colored needles will be a lawn of cereals, an even array of ground cover plants, paving, backfilling with stone or bark.

1. Juniper virginian Hetz Variegata (Hetz Variegata)

A plant with a wide-spreading crown, which annually grows by 20 cm. At the age of 10 years, it reaches a height of 1 m and a width of 2-3 m. Cream blotches are irregularly located on the bluish-green needles. The plant is winter-hardy, light-loving, resistant to spring burns and frosts down to -34°C. It is undemanding to the soil, but does not tolerate stagnant water and prolonged soil drought. Handles pruning well.

2. Juniper Cossack Variegata (Variegata)

Shrub about 0.6 m high (no more than 1 m) and up to 1.5 m wide is characterized by slow growth. Forms a sprawling shrub with rising or lying on the ground shoots with curved tops. The needles are scaly, gray-green, with irregularly spaced creamy yellow strokes.

The plant is light-loving, winter-hardy, undemanding to soils. It develops better on sandy or loamy, moderately moist, neutral soils, does not tolerate excessive moisture and salinity. It does not need pruning, but if necessary, it tolerates this operation well.

3. Juniper Chinese Variegata (Variegata)

By the age of 10, the slowly growing form reaches a height of 2 m with a diameter of 1.2-1.5 m, the annual growth in height is 10-15 cm, in width – 5 cm. The crown is conical, dense, irregular in shape. Prickly, bluish-green needles have cream-colored inclusions. Unpretentious frost-resistant plant, undemanding to soil and moisture.

It is recommended to plant this form in a well-lit place, because. in the shade, the rich color of the needles is lost. For the winter, it is advisable to tie the branches to prevent the bush from falling apart.

4. Juniper Chinese Expansa Variegata (Expansa Variegata)

The plant is characterized by an open crown, height – 0.5 m, diameter – up to 2 m. It grows slowly, the annual growth is about 10 cm wide. The needles are bluish-green, part of the shoots has a creamy white color. The plant is winter-hardy, undemanding to habitat conditions, but it is preferable to plant it in a sunny place. Suitable for rock gardens and as a groundcover.

5. Horizontal juniper Andorra Variegata (Andorra Variegata)

Attractive dwarf form. Shoots with drooping tops diverge in rays and form a cupped crown. It is characterized by slow growth, annually grows up to 10 cm wide, at the age of 10 years it reaches a height of 0.3-0.4 m and a width of up to 1.2 m.

The plant is winter-hardy, prefers moderately moist soils, withstands slight shading, but it is better to grow it in well-lit places. The form can be used for rock gardens, containers and as a ground cover crop. Pruning is carried out in the spring if necessary.

6. Thuja western Smaragd Variegata (Smaragd Variegata)

One of the varieties of the well-known garden form. It has a narrow-conical, dense compact crown, grows slowly, about 10 cm in height and 4 cm in width within one year. An adult plant reaches a height of 2.5-3 m, its diameter is about 0.8 m. It is distinguished by bright green shiny needles with light cream, as if bleached, tips of the branches.

An adult plant winters well, withstands a short-term drop in temperature to -23 ° C, but tolerates prolonged frosts worse. Prefers full sun with fertile, well-drained, moist soil. Young seedlings are recommended to cover in winter to prevent sunburn. Adult plants for the winter are protected from breaks by tying branches or installing frames.

7. Yew pointed Dwarf Bright Gold (Dwarf Bright Gold)

Dwarf form of yew. This is a multi-stemmed, slow growing shrub with a rounded crown. By the age of 10, it grows to a height of 0.9-1 m, an adult plant reaches a height of 1.2-1.8 m and a width of 1.5-2.1 m. The shape is interesting in the color of the needles – in spring it is green with a golden yellow border, turns green during the summer.

The plant is undemanding to soils, winter-hardy (up to –29°C), but to protect the roots it is recommended to mulch the trunk circle for the winter. The golden hue of the needles is best shown in full sunlight, but you can plant yew in partial shade, while the needles will be yellow-green. In winter, the crown should be protected from sunburn. Good for haircut.

8. Tuevik drooping Variegata (Variegata)

A coniferous culture that is not very common in our country with a conical crown, horizontal shoots rising at the tips. Natural forms reach a height of 9-15 m, but in gardens, compact, low-growing shrubs are usually grown, 1.5-2 m high and about 1.5 m in diameter at adulthood. The needles of the tuevica are interesting with rounded, shiny, flattened scales, they are painted bright green in combination with white.

Withstands different types of soil, but prefers moist, drained, neutral. Does not tolerate drought, open windy areas. It grows well in full sun, but in hot climates it is best to plant it in an area with light shade at noon. Shading in the heat is also useful for young plants. In terms of winter hardiness, the tuevik belongs to 5-7 zones, in winter it is recommended to protect the plant with a frame from snow blockages and ice, which can seriously damage the crown. Handles pruning well.

9. Korean fir Kohout’s Icebreaker (Kohout’s Icebreaker)

Dwarf form with slow growth, annual growth is 3-7 cm. As a result, by the age of 10, the tree reaches a height of 0.6 m and a width of about 0.6-0.9 m. The young plant has a spherical crown, later it grows into a squat pyramidal tree. Curved needles twisted into “curls” are unusually attractive, while the upper green side of the needles is inside, and only the lower, silver-white side is visible from the outside.

It grows well in fertile, moderately moist, well-drained soils, in partial shade or in sunny, sheltered places. In terms of frost resistance, it belongs to the 5th zone, withstands frosts from -23 to -28 ° С. Garden form can be planted in rock gardens, containers, used for grafting on stems.

10. Prickly spruce Bialobok / Belobok (Bialobok)

Original shape with unusual coloring. A young tree with a dense asymmetrical crown, over time it becomes conical, up to 1.5 m high and 0.6-0.9 m wide. The annual growth in height is about 15 cm. This form is most spectacular in spring, when young growths appear with creamy white or straw yellow needles. During the season, the needles gradually become silver-blue.

The plant is photophilous, but tolerates light shading. Prefers slightly acidic, moist, well-drained soils. Resistant plant, grows best in cool, moderately humid climates, does not tolerate dry and hot regions. Does not require pruning.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.