Currant, like any plant, needs care, but in comparison with other berry plants, it turns out to be much easier. Carry out a few simple procedures this spring and at the end of the season, evaluate how grateful this culture can be.
Pruning currants in spring
If you didn’t prune your currants last fall, be sure to do so in early spring. The procedure must be carried out before the kidneys swell, i.e. in a period when the shrubs have not yet begun sap flow.
First of all, remove last year’s plant debris from the trunk circles, and then cut out all the dried, damaged and underdeveloped shoots. In addition, the following are subject to complete removal:
- branches with many swollen buds of a rounded shape – a kidney mite huddles in them (single buds can be plucked out);
- shoots with a brown core – a glass case has chosen currants;
- branches with a rotten core – this is how the narrow-bodied goldfish plays pranks;
- shoots with exfoliated bark – the bud moth attacked the berry.
Be sure to burn last year’s plant debris and cut currant branches. Do not leave hazardous waste on site!
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In adult bushes, without regret, cut out healthy, but thickening shoots in such a way that:
- in the crown of blackcurrant, leave no more than 12-15 branches of different ages, replacing 5-6-year-old shoots with a new growth;
- form a crown of red and white currants from 15-20 strong shoots of different ages, which should not be older than 7-8 years.
Cut off the tops of the left young sprigs of blackcurrant – the shoots will begin to branch and will be able to tie more berries. The tops of the shoots of red and white currants should not be cut off – they form ringlets responsible for fruiting.
Proper pruning of currants
How to increase the yield of currants several times? Properly trim the plant every season.
Processing currants from diseases and pests in spring
Immediately after trimming, i.e. before bud break, arm yourself with a sprayer. It needs to be filled with a solution of a broad-spectrum fungicide, which will help protect the currant from a complex of fungal ailments. Topaz , HOM , Ordan , Agrodoctor , etc. are suitable for this purpose . Plentifully moisten the crown and soil in the near-stem circle of the berry with a solution of the selected preparation. Repeat the treatment before currant flowering, choosing another suitable fungicide.
During the period when the buds swell and begin to bloom on the shoots, it is necessary to spray with an insecticide solution that can prevent the spread of currant pests: kidney moths, moths, shoot and gall aphids , scale insects, etc. Aktara , Aliot , Aktellik, Fitoverm , Inta- Vir etc.
The treatment with a broad-spectrum insecticide must be repeated before the flowering of the berry – it can be combined with spraying shrubs with a fungicide.
Noticing signs of damage to currants by a kidney mite , adopt an acaricide or insectoacaricide: Neoron , Envidor, Aliot, Profilaktin, Fitoverm, etc. It is important not to miss the first treatment during the period of currant budding – at this time, the mass migration of mites through plants begins. The following sprayings are carried out according to the instructions for the selected preparation.
Processing currants from diseases and pests in spring: step by step instructions
Berry bushes wake up among the first. This means that it is impossible to delay the spraying of currant bushes in the spring – diseases and pests do not sleep!
Watering currants in spring
Last winter upset with the lack of snow – the soil in the spring was not saturated with melt water. This means that in the spring, special attention should be paid to watering currants, because a thirsty berry plant will not be able to develop normally, bloom profusely and set a sufficient number of berries. This is especially true for moisture-loving black currants – red and white currants are more resistant to drought.
If spring is stingy with rains, and the soil dries up quickly with the advent of heat, you need to introduce a rule to water currants 2-3 times a month. Form strong sides from the ground in the trunk circle of the berry and pour several buckets of water into the resulting “bowl”: 2-3 buckets on heavy clay soil and 4-5 buckets on light sandy soil. Spring rains will allow less frequent watering.
Mulching will help reduce the amount of watering . Cover the trunk circle of the currant with weeds, mowed lawn grass, straw or other improvised material.
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Fertilizing currants in spring
It is naive to believe that currants growing in one place for many years in a row will be able to independently get food for themselves somewhere. Without your support, the berry grower will starve and will not find the strength to form a decent harvest.
In early spring, special attention should be paid to nitrogen – this macronutrient is responsible for the active growth of shoots and leaves, normalizes metabolic processes in plant tissues and directly affects the quality and size of the crop. During the period of flowering and the formation of the ovary, currants slightly decrease the need for nitrogen, but the need for potassium, phosphorus and trace elements increases.
You can feed black, red and white currants according to one scheme:
- during the period of swelling of the buds and blooming of the leaves, treat with a cocktail made from 10 liters of water and 2 tbsp. urea – consumption of 2 buckets per bush. An alternative option is to pour 1.5-2 buckets of mullein solution (1:10) or bird droppings (1:15) under the berry bush;
- before flowering, offer a solution of a complete mineral preparation, for example, nitrophoska (50 g per 10 liters of water at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 plant);
- during mass flowering, carry out foliar top dressing with microelements – Uniflor Micro, Humate + 7 microelements , MicroMix, etc. are suitable for this purpose.